Elizabeth Taylor was an actress, author, businesswoman, and humanitarian. She began her career as a child actress, appeared in numerous films, appeared on stage and television, and received awards and honors for acting, as well as, her work as an HIV/AIDS activist.
Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor was born in 1932 in London, England. She had dual British and American citizenship due to her parents being United States citizens. She had an older brother as well. The family moved to Pasadena, California in 1939. After another brief move in California, the family settled in Beverly Hills, California.
In 1941, after auditioning for studios, she and her mother decided to sign a contract with Universal Studios. This led to a role in 1942’s There’s One Born Every Minute. This contract was for a year, then Elizabeth starred in MGM’s Lassie Come Home. Several other roles led to box-office success with National Velvet. In 1946 the studio published her writing Nibbles and Me and had paper dolls and coloring books made. She was later nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress for her role in 1957’s Raintree County. She was again nominated for an Academy Award and a BAFTA for her performance in Cat on a Hot Tin Roof. More roles led to her critically acclaimed performance in Who’s Afraid of Virginia Wolfe? Elizabeth won multiple awards, including her second Academy Award for this role. BUtterfield 8 was her first Academy Award in 1960.
In 1966, she appeared acting on stage to benefit the Oxford University Dramatic Society. Other film roles led to other stage and television roles and then her retirement in 2007. Years before her retirement, she was involved in HIV/AIDS activism, fragrance and jewelry brands, raising money for other causes, and the publishing of the book Elizabeth Takes Off.
Elizabeth Taylor was married eight times to seven different men. She had four children. Britain honored her by naming her Dame Elizabeth Taylor. She, also, received the Presidential Citizens Medal in the United States. She passed away of congestive heart failure in 2011. Elizabeth Taylor is still regarded as a screen legend and is known as an impressive humanitarian.
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