I have been taking the approximately month and a half to review the United States past Presidents as inspiration. All adult citizens are preparing to vote for the next President of the United States of America. Looking back, may prepare each of us to move forward. We can be inspired by the Presidents of the United States of America.
James Buchanan was the 15th President of the United States of America. He held the office from March 4, 1857 until March 4, 1861. He was, also a lawyer, diplomat, politician, and author.
James Buchanan, Jr. was born in 1791 in Cove Gap, Pennsylvania. He had ten siblings. When he was a child, his family moved to Mercersburg, Pennsylvania. He later attended Dickinson College and graduated with honors in 1809. He then moved to Lancaster, studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1812, and began to practice law. In 1814, he enlisted in the Pennsylvania Militia.
Also in 1814, Buchanan became a Member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives. His next position was the United States House of Representatives in 1821. While in the House of Representatives he served as the Chairman of the House Committee on the Judiciary. In 1832, he became the United States Minister to Russia. He next became a United States Senator. In 1845, he served as the United States Secretary of State. Under President Pierce he served as the United States Minister to the United Kingdom. He then became the President of the United States.
During his Presidency his efforts to maintain peace between the North and the South alienated him from both sides. States admitted to the Union during his Presidency were Minnesota, Oregon, and Kansas. Actions led to secession of Southern states and the Civil War. He supported the Union, following his Presidency. After the Union victory, he published his memoirs, Mr. Buchanan’s Administration on the Eve of Rebellion.
Nicknames of James Buchanan are Old Public Functionary, Old Buck, Bachelor President, and Ten-Cent Jimmy. The first three came from him or his lifestyle. The last was a derogatory nickname from a comment he made about ten cents being decent pay for a days’ work.
Many people blamed Buchanan for the Civil War. He became ill and depressed. He began writing to defend himself. In 1868, he became sick again and died at 77 years old. He had never married, was engaged, however not married. Biographers have questioned his friendships with men and his sexuality. His orphaned niece, Harriet Lane, served as the official White House hostess. Memorials have been made in his honor and places are named after him.
Be inspired! Have a bright day!