Antarctica is inspirational. Antarctica is the southernmost continent, is in the Southern Hemisphere, and contains the South Pole. Almost all of the continent is in the Antarctic Circle and it is bordered by the Southern Ocean. Antarctica is twice the size of Australia and is covered in ice.
Antarctica is the coldest, driest, and windiest continent. Although covered on average of just over a mile thickness shelf of ice, Antarctica is actually a desert. Annual precipitation is about 8 inches along the coast less inland. Temperatures range from -128.6 degrees F in the winter to 59 degrees F in the summer. Long periods of constant darkness and long periods of constant sunlight occur.
There are approximately 135 permanent human residents. A few thousand scientists and others reside at research stations around the continent periodically. Algae, bacteria, fungi, plants, krill, and some animals are native to Antarctica. Penguins are perhaps the best known, however mites, seals, and some others call Antarctica home. The are environmental protection laws agreed upon and enforced to protect Antarctica’s ecosystem.
Scientists that operate research stations are from 28 different nations. Scientists include biologists, geologists, oceanographers, physicists, astronomers, glaciologists, and meteorologists. Plate tectonics, meteorites from outer space, history and dynamics of floating ice, seasonal snow, glaciers, ice sheets, adaption and survival strategies of animals, human body responses to harsh temperatures, the celestial dome, cosmic microwave background radiation, the atmosphere, and other topics are studied in Antarctica.
Be inspired! Have a bright day!