Inventors are inspirational. Rosalyn Sussman Yalow was an inventor, educator, and medical physicist. She was a co-winner of the 1977 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for developing the radioimmunoassay (RIA) technique.
Rosalyn Sussman was born on July 19, 1921 in New York City, New York. She graduated from Walton High School. While in college she took job for doctors as a secretary. In 1941, she graduated from Hunter College. She then became a teaching assistant in physics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
In 1943, she married Aaron Yalow. They went on to have two children. Rosalyn earned her Ph.D. in 1945.
Rosalyn went to work at the Bronx Veterans Administration Medical Center. Radioimmunoassay was developed.The technique allows measurement of tiny amounts of various biological substances and other aqueous fluids in human blood. It was originally used to study insulin levels for diabetes, but has been used for hundreds of other substances, from hormones and vitamins to enzymes. In 1968, Rosalyn became a Research Professor in the Department of Medicine at Mount Sinai Hospital. Next, she became the Solomon Berson Distinguished Professor at Large. In 1979, she became a distinguished professor at large at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine at Yeshiva University.
Rosalyn earned several notable awards for her work. In the 1970s notable awards began with the Dickson Prize in 1972 and continued including the 1977 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. In 1988, she was awarded the National Medal of Science. Rosalyn Sussman Yalow lived until she was 89. She died in 2011 in The Bronx, New York.
Be inspired! Have a bright day!