Inventors are inspirational. Emile Berliner was a German-American inventor and author. He is remembered for inventing the phonograph record and phonograph which was called the gramophone record and the gramophone. The Berliner Gramophone Company was founded in 1895. Over the next few years The Gramophone Company in London, England, Deutsche Grammophon in Hanover, Germany, and Berliner Gram-o-phone Company of Canada in Montreal, Canada were all founded.
Berliner was born on May 20, 1851 in Hanover, Germany. He completed an apprenticeship to become a merchant, and worked as an accountant before migrating to the United States in 1870. He worked for a friend of his father’s in a Washington, D.C. shop before moving to New York. He worked and studied at night at the Cooper Union Institute. He became interested in the audio technology of the telephone and phonograph. He invented an improved telephone transmitter. The patent was acquired by the Bell Telephone Company. Berliner moved to Boston, Massachusetts in 1877 and worked for Bell Telephone. In 1881, Berliner became a United States citizen. In 1883, he returned to Washington, D.C. to work as a private researcher. Working on sound recording led to his patent for his “Gramophone” in 1887. He kept experimenting and inventing with his device. In 1890, a toy Gramophone was being manufactured in Germany with accompanying hard rubber discs. The US Berliner Gramophone Company marketed seven-inch records and a more substantial Gramophone.
Berliner continued to invent. He invented an improved loom for mass producing cloth, an acoustic tile, and an early helicopter. Berliner became president of Gyro Motor Company, which became Berliner-Joyce Aircraft, for several years. Berliner was also a humanitarian advocating for improvements in public health and sanitation. He wrote multiple books and held ten patents.
Berliner married Cora Adler in 1881. They had seven children. Berliner received awards, including the Elliot Cresson Medal in 1913. He died on August 3, 1929 in Washington, D.C. From ideas to inventions Emile Berliner’s work was inspirational. Be inspired! Have a bright day!