North Carolina is inspirational. North Carolina was admitted to the Union of the United States of America on November 21, 1789. North Carolina is in the Southeastern United States. Virginia is at its northern border. The Atlantic Ocean is to the east. South Carolina and Georgia border North Carolina to the south. Tennessee borders the state to the west. The state is divided into 100 countries and has two large metropolitan areas: its capital, Raleigh, and largest city, Charlotte.
Mound building cultures lived in the area in A.D.200 and in A.D. 1000. Cities and trading networks developed. Algonquian-speaking and Iroquoian-speaking tribes were the first to meet European explorers. Spanish colonial forces made the first permanent settlement. North Carolina with the area that became South Carolina was known as the Province of Carolina. It became one of the original Thirteen Colonies. What became North and South Carolina split in 1729.
The area was settled by small farmers. The economy grew in the middle of the 18th century. Colonists split during the American Revolution with most in support and others were British Loyalists. The state capital was originally Edenton, then became New Bern,, and became the present capital, Raleigh, first in 1788.
In the early 19th century cotton and tobacco became important export crops. On May 20, 1861 North Carolina declared secession from the Union as a Confederate state. The Confederacy was defeated in 1865 and the Reconstruction Era began. Republicans, black freedmen, northern carpetbaggers and local scalawags controlled the state government for three years. Power between political parties and violent groups shifted state politics between Democratic and Republican leadership. This led to the only coup d’état in United States history, when one party took control by force. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights of 1965 have improved matters in the state and its government.
New Deal programs helped North Carolina farmers hit hard by the Great Depression. The economy grew after World War II. Today, technology is a staple of the economy. There are 15 metropolitan areas in North Carolina. It is a top-ranking state for business.
North Carolina is divided into three geographic sections. One, the east side Atlantic Coastal Plain, makes up almost half of the state. Extreme east is the barrier island of the Outer Banks. Two, the Piedmont region, in the central part of the state, is rolling countryside with hills and low mountain ranges. Rivers in this area are generally fast, shallow, and narrow. Three, part of the Appalachian Mountain range, has mountains going through the western part of the state.
The climate of the Atlantic Coastal Plain is mild in the winter and moderate, but humid, in the summer. The Piedmont region has hotter summers and colder winters. The Appalachian Mountains are cool areas in winter and summer. Snowfall can be heavy. Severe weather can occur throughout the state. Hurricanes and tropical storms occur. Thunderstorms occur yearly, about 50 times each year. They can be severe producing hail, flash floods, and damaging winds. About 20 tornados occur a year. Cold air damming occurs in the northwestern part of the state and can weaken other storms, but also lead to ice events.
North Carolina has three major league sports franchises. College sports and minor league sports also attract fans. NASCAR, stock-car racing, and professional golf tournaments are important to fans and tourism. Sports, outdoor activities, national and state sites, and nonprofit art and cultural activities generate economic activity. Music, shopping, cuisine, and agriculture add to the attractions of North Carolina. Be inspired! Have a bright day!