New Mexico is inspirational. New Mexico was admitted to the Union of the United States of America on January 6, 1912. New Mexico’s nickname is Land of Enchantment. It is considered to be a Mountain State and is located in the southwestern and western regions of the United States. The geography and history of the state are reflected in the state’s nickname and state symbols, such as the state flag. The red and yellow, or scarlet and gold, colors of the flag reflect the influence and history of Hispanic and Native American peoples.
The northern border of New Mexico is Colorado. To the northeast is Oklahoma. To the east and southeast is Texas. The part of its southern border that does not belong to Texas is part of the country of Mexico. Arizona is to the west. The northwest corner is bordered by Utah. Arizona, Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico make the Four Corners, where the borders of these states come together.
Members of the Clovis culture and Paleo-Indians inhabited New Mexico before Native American Indians. When Europeans explored in the 16th century the area was settle by people of Pueblo, Navajo, Apache, and Ute tribes. The area was given the name Province of New Mexico and appointed its first governor in 1598. Sana Fe, New Mexico was established around 1608. Spanish settlers founded Albuquerque, New Mexico in 1706. It was part of New Spain for a long time before becoming part of Mexico in 1821. The Republic of Texas failed to claim a portion in 1836. The Northeastern portion was sold to the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. New Mexico Territory was established by the United States in 1850. Thousands of troops from New Mexico served the Union during the American Civil War.
New Mexico has deserts and mesas and forests and snow-capped mountains. Part of the Rocky Mountains and the Sangre de Cristo Mountains are east of the Rio Grande River. A few other rivers are important in New Mexico. There are millions of acres of protected national forests. The climate is arid to semi-arid, although parts are although there are areas that are considered continental and alpine. There are many areas that support a wide variety of plants and animals.
The government with executive, legislative, and judicial branches was established by the Constitution of New Mexico. Many documents and laws are written in both English and Spanish. There are many federally funded research facilities. There are many Native American federal reservations.
Oil, gas, and tourism are important to the economy. Federal government spending is also crucial to the economy. Many PhDs live in the state as well as military personal due to research and development. Dance, art, music, film, and literature have all been important cultural factors contributing to culture from New Mexico. Be inspired! Have a bright day!