Massachusetts is inspirational. Massachusetts was admitted to the Union of the United States of America on February 6, 1788. The state has multiple nicknames: The Bay State, The Old Colony State, The Puritan State, and The Baked Bean State. Boston is its capital and Greater Boston is its largest metropolitan area. It is bordered by Vermont and New Hampshire to the north. The Atlantic Ocean borders Massachusetts to the east. Rhode Island and Connecticut are to the south. New York is on its western border.
Original inhabitants of Massachusetts Algonquian speaking Native American tribes. While these tribes did some farming, they sustained themselves with hunting, gathering, and fishing. The Pilgrims arrived on the Mayflower in 1620 from England. Other Puritans followed and settled the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630. In 1641, settlers expanded inland. In 1692 and 1693 the Salem witch trials occurred. The Boston Massacre in 1770 and the Boston Tea Party in 1773 led to increased tensions and the American Revolution in 1775. The Siege of Boston was future President George Washington’s first victory. John Adams was key in the writing of the Massachusetts Constitution in 1780. Events led reformers to draft the United States Constitution.
Massachusetts then became a leader in the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century. The economy transformed from an agricultural one to an industrial one. Abolitionist activity increased leading to the Civil War. Abolitionists John Brown, Sojourner Truth, and Fredrick Douglas spurred action in Massachusetts. Massachusetts was the first state to have a black regiment.
The decline of industry and the Great Depression brought decline in Massachusetts for the first half of the 20th century. Manufacturing armaments during World War II was crucial to the war effort. Economy focus on heavy industry transformed into a service based economy. Today, higher education, biotechnology, finance, health care, and tourism are essential parts of the Massachusetts’ economy. Green house products, cranberries, sweetcorn, and apples make large sectors of agricultural production.
Massachusetts has a transitional climate with a humid continental and a humid subtropical climate. Warm to hot summers and frosty winters are common. The coastal plain and Cape Cod peninsula are distinctive regions. To the west, the region is rural-hilly. Then there is the Connecticut River Valley. Farthest west is the Berkshire Mountain range. Temperate deciduous forest are plentiful.
Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches make up Massachusetts’ state government. There are 14 counties in the small state. Schools were required in 1647 making Massachusetts the first state to require schools. Some of the oldest schools and colleges are in Massachusetts. Located in the state are Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology which are both ranked as one of the world’s best universities.
Historians, writers, artists, and musicians from Massachusetts have had significant impact on culture. President John Adams, First Lady Abigail Adams, President John Quincy Adams, President John Fitzgerald Kennedy, Senators Robert and Ted Kennedy, and other Kennedy family members have served as politicians. Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Nathaniel Hawthorne, John Updike, Emily Dickinson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, E.E. Cummings, Sylvia Plath, and “Dr. Seuss” are all writers associated with or born in Massachusetts. Boston Sympathy Orchestra and Boston Pops are based in Massachusetts. Famous painters from Massachusetts include Winslow Homer and Norman Rockwell. Classic rock band Aerosmith and the new wave band The Cars are among the state’s musicians. Performing arts and festivals are central to Massachusetts’ culture.
Be inspired! Have a bright day!