Illinois is inspirational. Illinois was admitted to the union of the United States of America on December 3, 1818. One of its nicknames is the Land of Lincoln. This is due to the fact that Abraham Lincoln was elected President of the United States while living in Illinois. President Ulysses S. Grant and President Barack Obama were living in Illinois while elected to the Presidency as well. President Ronald Reagan was born and raised in Illinois.
Illinois is in the Midwestern United States. Wisconsin is to the north. Lake Michigan is to the northeast. Indiana is to the east. Kentucky is to the southeast. Missouri and Iowa are to the west. Other important waterways, such as the Ohio River and Mississippi River and their tributaries, are present in and bordering Illinois as well. Chicago, Illinois is the third most populous city in the United States. Chicago is in the northeast part of the state. Smaller industrial cities and agricultural areas are located in central and northern Illinois. The south is known for natural resources, such as coal, timber, and petroleum. Location is key to the state’s transportation as well. The Port of Chicago connects, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway and Great Lakes, the state to global ports. O’Hare International Airport, in Chicago, is one of the busiest airports in the world.
American Indians lived in the Illinois area for several thousand years. French explorers were in the area and constructed a fort in the late 17th century. French Canadians settled along the Mississippi River. The British and French fought the Seven Years’ War and the British gained control of the area, although French settlements continued. Illinois then became a state in the early 19th century. At that time the capital was Kaskaskia. The capital next was Vandalia. Finally, the capital was moved to the present-day capital of Springfield in 1867.
Illinois was an active participant in the American Civil War volunteering 150 regiments. Cairo, Illinois was a supply base and training center. During World War II Illinois was one of the top-ranking states of United States military armaments. Illinois has had crucial involvement in the United States military.
The climate varies greatly in Illinois based on location and the time of the year. Most of the state has a humid continental climate. Southern Illinois has a humid subtropical climate. Around 50 thunderstorm occur yearly. Tornados are a threat as the state is part of Tornado Alley. A high temperature of 117 degrees F and low of -36 degrees F have been recorded, however summers regularly are hot and winters are cold.
Illinois has an executive, legislative, and judicial branch. Illinois is divided into counties, townships, precincts, cities, towns, villages, and special- purpose districts. Historically, Illinois was a state known to vote for both parties. Past Presidents and two political families from Illinois have had historical impact. Four generations of the Stevenson family and three members of the Daley family have been influential.
Some of the best museums in the world are thought to be in Chicago. The University of Chicago is ranked as a top university in the world. Music education and jazz and blues cultures have had significant cultural impact. All major sports leagues have teams headquartered in Chicago. Two Major League Baseball teams, an NFL team, and NBA team, an NHL team, an MLS team, a WNBA team, and many minor league teams are from Illinois. College teams attract tourists and home-team fans as well. Motor racing and golf are big as well. Illinois has hundreds of state parks, recreational, and wildlife areas. In addition, there are parks under control of the National Park Service.
Be inspired! Have a Bright day!