Abraham Lincoln. Abraham Lincoln was the sixteenth President of the United States of America. Honest Abe. Abraham Lincoln is consistently ranked in the top three President by historians and the general public. He was an excellent public speaker. His public speaking and tall, athletic physical features attracted people and made him loyalists. Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican President and took office at a very turbulent time. He set out, above all else, to preserve the Union.
South Carolina, and then, Florida, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas took on an ordinance of secession and declared themselves the Confederate States of America. There were attempts at compromise, but both sides continued to have different goals. Slavery was believed to be justifiable by the Confederacy and necessary for successful economic reasons. During his first inaugural address, Abraham Lincoln declared that he would not interfere with the institution of slavery, however secessionists saw providing provisions to the Union army as an act of war and the Confederacy fired upon Union troops at Fort Sumter. Thus the Civil War began.
Abraham Lincoln led the United States through the war. His primary goal was to preserve the Union. He supervised and made crucial decisions throughout the war, including selecting generals like the successful Ulysses S. Grant. As the war continued moves toward ending slavery continued. The Emancipation Proclamation and protecting escaped slaves led to the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution which permanently outlawed slavery.
Abraham Lincoln was reelected as President. The war by this time was ending and Reconstruction was the goal. The Confederate commanding general Robert E. Lee surrendered on April 9, 1865. On April 14, Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth assassinated Abraham Lincoln. Having been shot in the head at a theater, immediate medical attention was received. Abraham Lincoln died on the morning of April 15, 1865.
Abraham Lincoln is remembered for preserving the Union, abolishing slavery, strengthening the federal government. and modernizing the economy. He left a country, as well as, his family to mourn his loss. His wife was Mary Todd Lincoln and they had one of four male children survive into adulthood.
Abraham Lincoln was an incredible person and President. The United States needed his leadership and should feel grateful for his service. Be inspired! Have a bright day!